Right in Baker City, Oregon is the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Such a wonderful resource for all things to do with the Oregon Trail.
We were remembering having the Oregon Trail program for one of our early computers. I think the schools also used it for American History.
The Center sits atop a hill. From here you can see the Blue Mountains. The Emigrants had just crossed the Snake River and could see this next challenge across the valley. Outside, you can still see the ruts from the 300,000 travelers seeking new land in the Oregon Territory from about 1840 to 1869.
Each couple was looking forward to the 320 acres of free land, guaranteed by Congress.
Earlier, it was Lewis and Clark who proved that a land route was possible to the Pacific Ocean. But it took John Fremont to find the South Pass through the Rocky Mountains that allowed wagons to travel the entire route.
Not easily, they needed smaller wagons than the 16 foot Conestoga freight wagon. There would be many rivers to float across and steep mountains to wrangle the loads up and down.
Oxen were the animal of choice to pull the heavy loads. They could eat almost anything, were strong, and , in an emergency, could be used for food. If they made it all the way, they were a useful farm animal as well.
Contrary to this picture. most travelers walked the entire 2,000 miles from Independence, Missouri on the Missouri River. The wagons were loaded with tons of food and necessary belongings.
We hope to see live Bison again , shortly.
The early Emigrants saw thousands of bison on the plains. They provided food for part of the trip.
All through the Center are quotes from the many journals about the life along the way. One story recalled how the women were reluctant , when there was no wood on the plains, to handle the buffalo chips needed for the fires. It did not take long before they were handling them readily each day.
What was that? Oh. Buffalo chips are dried buffalo dung (poop) Would you barbecue with buffalo poop?
It was not an easy trip. 15 miles a day average. Disease and accidents claimed over 30,000 lives. But still, what an interesting part of American history. The expansion made it easy for the U.S. to add the Oregon Territory with little complaint from Great Britain. Without this great migration, we might still be east of the Missouri River.
From Baker City, Jan and I head southeast on Interstate 84. It's a short drive to Farewell Bend State Park. This is a very comfortable Oregon state park located on the Snake River.
This is the spot where the Emigrants were finally able to cross the Snake River.
The Snake River is a huge river that more or less starts in Wyoming in southeastern Yellowstone National Park , travels south and east to Boise, Idaho and then north(making the border line between Idaho and Oregon, and then northwest to join the Columbia River and eventually empty in the Pacific Ocean between Oregon and Washington States.
This map shows the strange route for the Snake River to reach the Columbia River.
This is the same river that we saw at the Grand Tetons near Jackson, Wyoming.
Our backyard in Farewell Bend is visited daily by a herd of cattle. We see a lot of these herds, grazing on hundreds of acres. This herd numbers about 30 to 40 .
As indicated before, we are right on the Snake River. The hills across the way are in Idaho, our next destination.
We are fairly close to Boise, Idaho. But we opt for a quieter route and take Route 201 from 84 to Route 95 north.
Along the way are beautiful farms. Some are growing hay, some cattle, some horses, and some sheep.
Every now and then some fields of those famous Idaho potatoes are showing.
Jan and I have found a good review for a campground on the Snake River. It is 30 miles northwest of Cambridge on route 71, a very winding mountainous road.
And also a group heading off on a horseback ride.
And the end of our trail brings us to Woodhead Park Campground. 124 sites, run by Idaho Power Company.
The power company has three dams on the Snake River. The first above here is the Brownlee Dam and this is on the Brownlee Reservoir.
The boat launch at the campground attests to the popularity. Even with a 30 mile drive from the nearest town, there are about thirty boat trailers here on a weekday.
And the action at the fish cleaning station indicates that the fishermen are doing quite well.
Large trucks bring fish from the power company hatcheries. In this case they are Salmon that will migrate out to the ocean and then back in 7 years to lay eggs. There are some readers who will be interested in this link to the Idaho Power program. Idaho Power Hatchery Program
This Sheriff's boat at the campground is typical of the boats that are launched here. Interesting that many to most of them have the hard topped cabin with a walk through window. This could be attributed to the constant rain possibilities. Also interesting is that many of the boats carry three motors. A large main motor. A smaller 40 to 80 horsepower backup, and a trolling motor on the bow. Since we had no phone, internet, or any other signal here, you can understand why the backup motors.
This is our site with a great view of the reservoir down to the right. Electric and water hookups, very nice modern bathrooms and showers, and a dump station for $14 per night for seniors. Thank you, Idaho Power.
One neighbor indicated that he thought this was the best campground in Idaho.
There are even some colorful, blooming roses.
Back over the mountain to Cambridge, up Route 95 to Meadows, and then down Route 55 to Lake Cascade State Park on the west side of the lake.
Actually there are about 12 different campgrounds in the park on both the east and west side of the lake.
Some have electric, some full hookup and some dry camping. We choose Buttercup for dry camping.
And a wonderful site right on the shore. No hookups and we are alone in this little park. All for the strange price of $11.51 for out of staters. However, this reflects a 50% discount for seniors Monday through Thursday.
You will note we have the satellite TV working and we also have good cell here. Yea!!